Alcohol with tobacco, a cocktail for esophageal cancer

It’s a fact that alcohol and tobacco play important roles in developing esophageal cancer, but a recent study published in The American Journal of Gastronomy found that the combination of both doubles the risk compared to those who either smoke or drink.

Researchers from the University of Michigan, United States, have assembled data from various databases including many studies concerning patients with esophageal cancer and how tobacco and alcohol affect their conditions. After systematic review, they confirmed that smoking and drinking are both independent and dependent risk factors for esophageal cancer.


A recent study from the University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom, finds that patients with bowel cancer supplied with enough vitamin D have distinctly higher chances of surviving the disease, especially those in stage 2, at which point the tumor may be quite large but the cancer has not yet spread.

Researchers tested blood samples from almost 1,600 patients after surgery for bowel cancer and found that three quarters of patients with high vitamin D levels are still alive after five years while those with low vitamin D survive at a rate of less than two thirds. This has evidently proved that vitamin D helps increase the survival rate, though the nature of the relation still remains unclear.

However, the study also says that the research only observes natural vitamin D intakes such as from sunlight or food. Further study is still needed to know whether vitamin D supplements yield the same effect.
Training toddlers to eat veggies should begin before the age of two
“My child does not eat vegetables.” This is a cause for concern for parents in many households worldwide. No matter how many tricks parents have up their sleeves, they find it difficult to get their children to say yes to those green leaves. Many have given up on trying, but a recent study by a cooperative effort at universities in England, France and Denmark has found the latest trick for parents to try: have your children eat vegetables as early and as continually as possible.
The study had 403 preschool children, aged 4 months to 3 years, eat 100 to 200 grams of artichoke puree 5 to 10 times by serving it as meals or afternoon snacks and observed how much each child ate. The result is 40 percent of all children were likely to eat more vegetables each time, 21 percent consumed most of what was offered every time, 16 percent still refused the food even after five attempts and the rest are those whose patterns were too variableto specify.

“Younger children are less picky about their food,” a researcher involved in the study says. “We found that training children to eat vegetables should begin before the age of two. You also need to be consistent and the result should show after 5 to 10 times.”


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A woman driving a car 
An advertising campaign reminding motorists of the law change is being launched by the government Motorists are being reminded that a new law comes into force in a month's time which will require them to make sure their vehicle is insured. An advertising campaign is being launched to publicise the change, which means people can be fined without actually driving the car.
There are estimated to be about 1.4 million motorists without insurance.

At the moment uninsured drivers are prosecuted only after they have been caught actually driving.

Although police cars have number plate recognition technology which can check cars against a database, it still requires police time to enforce.

From 20 June, a new offence will be brought in which will allow motorists to be prosecuted for simply owning a vehicle without insurance.

Letters will be sent to drivers and, if they do nothing, they face a £100 fine followed by court action.

If the vehicle remains uninsured - regardless of whether the fine is paid - further action will be taken. If the vehicle is on public land it could then be clamped, seized and destroyed.

Alternatively court action could be taken, with the offender facing a fine of up to £1,000.

Motorists who have declared their car as off the road will not be fined.

'Nowhere to hide' Ministers say the change will allow police to concentrate their efforts on hard core offenders, who drive unregistered cars which the automatic system will not be able to trace.

Road Safety minister Mike Penning said: "Uninsured drivers are a danger on our roads, killing 160 and injuring a further 23,000 people each year, and they cost honest motorists £500m in extra premiums.

"That is why we are introducing this tough new law which will leave uninsured drivers with nowhere to hide.


"Our message is clear - get insured or face a fine, court action or seeing your car seized and destroyed."

Ashton West, chief executive at the Motor Insurers' Bureau, said the change in law is a "stepping up of enforcement activity".

He added: "Now the registered keeper must make sure that their vehicle is insured all the time.

"Around four percent of vehicles have no motor insurance at any given time, and this needs to change so that is why this new enforcement approach is so important."


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